Step 1 : Introduction to the question "Which country has the lowest average height above sea level?"...1. Maldives, a vast chain of islands in the Indian Ocean, is the flattest (lowest) country on Earth. Most atolls of the Maldives consist of a large, ring-shaped coral reef supporting numerous small islands. If that is true, than the islanders in the Maldives have real reason to worry. ... How high above sea level are artificial islands being built to? 0 km², Maritime claims: The Maldives (land elevation approximately 1 m above mean sea level) is often associated with the threat of rising sea levels. Coastal areas in South and Southeast (SE) Asia are among the world's most vulnerable in terms of flooding due to climate induced sea-level rise and the associated land and economic loss (Nicholls and Cazenave, 2010; Cazenave and Cozannet, 2013).Throughout much of Asia, socio-economic risks primarily emerge from high rates of relative sea-level (RSL) rise in coastal … Twenty-six different atolls make up the entire island chain of the Maldives, and while most of the country lies north of the equator, we landed in the southern hemisphere, on the southernmost atoll in the country. Geographic coordinates of Malé, Maldives. The Maldives are indeed low-lying islands with its highest point only reaching about eight feet above sea level. One of the world’s lowest-lying countries, more than 80% of the Maldives’ land is less than one metre above mean sea level, making its population of over 500 000 people extremely vulnerable to sea swells, storm surges and severe weather. For administrative purposes the Maldives government organized these atolls into twenty-one administrative divisions.. On average, the ground here is only five feet above sea level. Over 90% of the g… Tourism. Choose from 309 different sets of maldives flashcards on Quizlet. Most residents of the atolls depend on groundwater or rainwater for drinking purposes. The Maldivian context • Global mean sea level rose 10 – 20cm during 20th Century at the rate of 1-2 mm/year. The Maldives' natural landscape includes shallow coastal beds, deep seas, mangroves, sandy shorelines, inner lagoons, and offshore coral reefs. During this period, the northeast winds contribute to the formation of the northeast monsoon, which reaches Maldives in the beginning of December and lasts until the end of March. The Maldives: A Garland of Islands In The Indian Ocean. Although the humidity is relatively high, the constant sea breezes help to keep the air moving. Exposure – in harm’s way 2. With an average ground-level elevation of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level, it is the world's lowest-lying country, with even its highest natural point being one of the lowest in the world, at 5.1 metres (17 ft). 298 km². arable land: This massive terrain also makes the country a place of immense diversity both above and below the waves. In 2007 , a series of swells forced the evacuation of more than 1,600 people from their homes and damaged more than 500 housing units. lowest point: 80% of the nation is barely above sea level, which is around 1 meter above the sea, and the highest point in the Maldives lies in Villingili Village, at Addu Atoll, which rises to an outstanding 2.4 meters. 700 km. Because of the low elevation of the Maldives, this island nation is especially at risk. Media in category "Maamigili Airport" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Freshwater floats in a layer known as "Ghyben/Herzberg lens" above the seawater that permeates the limestone and coral sands of the islands. These factors set off a rush of moisture-rich air from the Indian Ocean over the South Asia, resulting in the southwest monsoon. Home Of Whale Sharks.  In Addu Atoll the westernmost islands are connected by roads over the reef and the total length of the road is 14 km (8.7 mi). 298 square kilometres (115.1 square miles) Over 185 kinds of coral form the country's reefs. The shift from the moist southwest monsoon to the dry northeast monsoon over the South Asia occurs during October and November. Highest point. Geographic coordinates: 3°15′N 73°00′E / 3.250°N 73.000°E / 3.250; 73.000, Most atolls of the Maldives consist of a large, ring-shaped coral reef supporting numerous small islands. The Maldives archipelago is located on the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean; this also forms a terrestrial ecoregion, together with the Chagos Archipelago and Lakshadweep. Latitude: 4°10.488′ N Longitude: 73°30.5328′ E All coordinates are given in the WGS 84 coordinate reference system. In areas where construction exists, however, this has been increased to several metres. Distances: shortest distance to India: approx. It is officially known as the Republic of Maldives and it covers an area of nearly 90,000 square kilometers. Most of the atolls have spacious, deep-water lagoons suitable for ship anchorage. Oceanic Islands in the Pacific and Indian Oceans have extremely small land areas, usually less than 500 km2, with maximum height about 4 m above sea level. … Land scarcity due to population pressure is also a major issue. For this reason, the Maldives are very susceptible to the danger of rising sea levels. This extremely low elevation makes the country, and its inhabitants, particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise. Maldives has a prominent place in the Guinness World Records as being the lowest and flattest country in the world with a maximum elevation above sea level of 2.4 metres. 1.5m — the average ground elevation above sea level, making it the lowest country in the world. The largest island of Maldives is Gan, which belongs to Laamu Atoll or Hahdhummathi Maldives. 120 km (from west to east). Nowhere else in the world can you find such a spectacular creation of coral and white sandy beaches rising just above the current sea level. permanent crops: The highest point in the Maldives is only 8 feet above sea level. territorial sea: Books and websites refuse to divulge the exact location, and so I set out with a GPS and an altimeter (and a few clues from the locals) and found the very highest point on the island, and therefore, the highest point in the entire nation. It gained publicity for the plan announced by former president Mohamed Nasheed in 2008 to purchase land elsewhere so the population could relocate should sea level rise make the islands uninhabitable. 99.6% — the amount of the Maldives made up of sea. Topographic Map of Westerly, Shaheed Ali Hingun, Malé, Maldives. Copernicus Sentinel-6 will conduct radar altimetry reference missions, continuing the long-term record of sea-surface height initiated in 1992 by the French-US … Directions . In the late 1990s a new 1.9km 2 1.8 m high artificial island, Hulhumalé was created for urban expansion, including an allowance for sea‐level rise. No discussion about global warming is complete without a nod to the Maldives, the paradisaical Indian Ocean archipelago that spans the equator, comprised of around 1,200 islands. (Note that man made structures are not taken into account). Maldives is an island country in the Indian Ocean, South Asia, south-southwest of India. 3. The weather in Maldives is affected by the large landmass of the South Asia to the north. More than 80 per cent of the country's land is composed of coral islands which rise less than one metre above sea level. On the equator and deep in the vast Indian Ocean lies a captivating group of over 1,190 coral islands – the Maldives. Of the over 1,190 coral islands, only about 198 are inhabited while the others are entirely used for economic purposes of which agriculture and tourism are the dominant economic activities. No spot in the Maldives is more than six feet above sea level. they have the lowest high-point, of any country in the world). The topic of climate change is very prevalent when discussing the Maldives. In May 1991 violent monsoon winds created tidal waves that damaged thousands of houses and piers, flooded arable land with seawater, and uprooted thousands of fruit trees. Scientists also cite other factors in the formation of monsoons, including the barrier of the Himalayas on the northern fringe of the South Asia and the sun's northward tilt, which shifts the jet stream north. That point is on Addu Atoll. Although some of the larger atolls are approximately 50 km (31 mi) long from north to south, and 30 km (19 mi) wide from east to west, no individual island is longer than eight kilometers. President Mohamed Nasheed aims to turn the Maldives into an entirely carbon neutral nation by 2020. Only 198 of the islands are inhabitable. The Maldives, a strand of coral atolls south of India, is just about the most tenuous country on Earth. Now, out of the hundreds of islands in the Maldives, it just so happens that our expedition was staying on Villingilli in Addu Atoll. tsunamis; low level of islands makes them very sensitive to sea level rise. 0.03 km3 (2011), Natural hazards: Vulnerability 1. The Climate Connection: Warmer Water. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Narrator: Climate change is causing sea level to rise around the world. Ten percent of the land, or about 26 km², is cultivated with taro, bananas, coconuts, and other fruit. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the late 1990s a new 1.9km 2 1.8 m high artificial island, Hulhumalé was created for urban expansion, including an allowance for sea‐level rise. Area: Although some of the larger atolls are approximately 50 km (31 mi) long from north to south, and 30 km (19 mi) wide from east to west, no individual island is longer than eight kilometers.. The hot air that rises over the South Asia during April and May creates low-pressure areas into which the cooler, moisture-bearing winds from the Indian Ocean flow. All rights reserved. The Maldives consists of a chain of almost 1200 small coral islands that are grouped into clusters of atolls. The Maldives are the exposed top of a long, narrow submarine ridge whose average height is 1 to 2 m (3 to 6 ft) above sea level. ... were built on reclaimed land and are a few metres above the sea. One of the world's lowest-lying countries, more than 80% of … ... Average height above sea level. 1. Erosion of coastal areas will be more of an issue. It consists of 1192 islands on 26 natural atolls spreading across an area of roughly 107,500 sq km. It consists of approximately 1,190 coral islands grouped in a double chain of 26 atolls, spread over roughly 90,000 square kilometers, making this one of the most geographically dispersed countries in the world. Known for its white sand beaches and extensive coral reefs, the Republic of Maldives, in the Indian Ocean, consists of 1,190 islands and draws over 600,000 tourists annually. 750 km (from north to south) / in width approx. Indian Ocean 0 m total: Land scarcity due to population pressure is also a major issue. Due to such low elevations any amount of sea level rise is deadly to the Maldives. 80% (2011), Total renewable water resources: ElevationMap.net. Tourism is the largest industry in the Maldives as it is the major source of foreign earnings and source of employment in the country. And the highest point is only about seven and a half feet above sea level! Islands average only one to two square kilometers in area, and lie between 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in–4 ft 11 in) above mean sea level. 2 With no ground surface higher than 9.9 feet (3 meters), and 80 percent of the land area lying below 3.3 feet (1 meter) above average sea level, the Maldives is the flattest country on Earth. The Maldive archipelago is frequently covered by clouds, making this almost cloud-free image quite rare. Other island countries are also concerned with the rising sea level. Only the lush island of Fuvammulah produces fruits such as oranges and pineapples - partly because the terrain of Fuvammulah sits higher than most other islands, leaving the groundwater less subject to seawater penetration. Rain showers over the whole country have been known to persist for up to one week during the midst of the dry season. Nowhere else in the world can you find such a spectacular creation of coral and white sandy beaches rising just above the current sea level. The data collected by Sentinel-6 will facilitate further climate research and assist scientists to monitor the effects of climate change. 1.5m. It is a group of low lying coral islands situated in the Indian Ocean. In Maldives, the wet southwest monsoon lasts from the end of April to the end of October and brings the worst weather with strong winds and storms. 340 km and to Sri Lanka approx. • The is more than enough to inundate large areas of our country. The Climate Connection: Warmer Water. The average height of this country of coral beaches is around 4 feet above sea level, and the highest point in the entire nation is just under 8 feet (about 2.4 meters). Twenty six atolls and just fewer than 1200 islands form a chain from just below the equator to 804 km (500 miles) north. Coral island chains such as the Maldives may not be threatened by climate change and rising sea levels, as many fear. In addition to … Maldives is one of the lowest lying countries in the world. Warmertemperatures are causing sea level to rise for two reasons. What is the biggest source of income. The Maldives are the exposed top of a long, narrow submarine ridge whose average height is 1 to 2 m (3 to 6 ft) above sea level. contiguous zone: Despite being on top of a mountain range, the Maldives' highest natural point sits less than 8 feet above sea level! Although the damage was minimal, the experience was a forceful reminder of how vulnerable the Maldives can be to even a small rise in water levels, and is generall viewed as the … Some islands are marshy, while others are higher owing to sand and gravel having been piled up by wave action. (Note that man made structures are not taken into account). The Maldives archipelago is located on the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a vast submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean, which also forms a terrestrial ecoregion, together with the Chagos Archipelago and Lakshadweep. The capital of the Maldives appears to be generally about 2 meters above sea level, although some of the reclaimed areas are somewhat lower. Narrator: Climate change is causing sea level to rise around the world. At the height of 8 feet above sea level, Vilingili Island is the location of the Maldives’ highest altitude. Rising sea levels could make thousands of islands from the Maldives to Hawaii 'uninhabitable within decades' ... places in the world to sea level … If you are planning to go here then learning about some fun facts would add to your excitement. Composed of live coral reefs and sand bars, the atolls are situated atop a submarine ridge, 960 km (600 mi) long that rises abruptly from the depths of the Indian Ocean and runs from north to south. The Maldives consists of a chain of almost 1200 small coral islands that are grouped into clusters of atolls. The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a mathematical model of the Earth's sea level as an equipotential gravitational surface (see Geodetic system, vertical datum). With an average elevation of just five feet above sea level, the Maldives—a nation comprising 1,192 islands in the Indian Ocean—is the lowest country in the world. The tropical vegetation of Maldives differs in the inhabited and in the uninhabited islands. The average height of the land is 1.5m (4”11”) above sea level and the highest point … Coordinates of Malé in decimal degrees. It has one asphalt runway designated 18/36 measuring 45 m × 3,200 m (148 ft × 10,499 ft).  Two seasons dominate Maldives' weather: the dry season associated with the winter northeast monsoon and the rainy season brought by the summer southwest monsoon. The Republic of Maldives is an independent island nation in the Indian Ocean south of Sri Lanka which stretches vertically in the Indian Ocean from 07° 06'N - 0° 42'S. Recent research shows they rise above the waves naturally. These lenses are shrinking rapidly on Male and on many islands where there are resorts catering to foreign tourists. Maldives is the lowest country in the world, with maximum and average natural ground levels of only 2.4 metres (7 ft 10 in) and 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) above sea level, respectively. , Environment - current issues: Fiji Step 2 : Answer to the question "Which country has the lowest average height above sea level?" At the height of 8 feet above sea level, Vilingili Island is the location of the Maldives’ highest altitude. Official Name: Republic of the … Get altitudes by latitude and longitude. land: … Mango trees already have been reported dying on Male because of salt penetration. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. The UN's environmental panel has warned that, at current rates, sea level would be high enough to make the country uninhabitable by 2100. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The islands are too small to have rivers, but small lakes and marshes can be found in some of them. With an average ground-level elevation of 1.5 metres above sea level, it is the world's lowest-lying country, with even its highest natural point being one of the lowest in the world, at 5.1 … The airport resides at an elevation of 6 feet (2 m) above mean sea level. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that average global sea levels will rise by between 0.09m and 0.37m (3.5 to 14.6 inches). The temperature of Maldives ranges between 24 and 33 °C (75.2 and 91.4 °F) throughout the year. The Maldives' natural landscape includes shallow coastal beds, deep seas, mangroves, sandy shorelines, inner lagoons, and offshore coral reefs. Flooding is also a very common scenario in the … 10% The low elevation levels pose a serious risk to the country, and it will become irreparable when the prediction of rising ocean levels becomes a reality. The Maldives is an island country consisting of over 1,190 coral islands grouped in double chains of 26 atolls.These islands spread over an area of approximately 35,000 square miles, making the Maldives one of the most dispersed countries in the world. Though it took me all of an hour on a bicycle in a 5-star resort, I still felt a great sense of accomplishment. 2.4m. The average height of this country of coral beaches is around 4 feet above sea level, and the highest point in the entire nation is just under 8 feet (about 2.4 meters). During storms in 1987 and 1988, the reclaimed areas were flooded by low-period waves. This trip is one of the many ways to travel with National Geographic Expeditions. On the other hand, uninhabited islands have mostly different kinds of bushes (magū, boshi) and mangroves (kuredi, kandū) along the waterline as well as some coconut trees.. List. The adjacent waterdrome which serves the large seaplane operations at INIA, has 4 water runways, designated NR/SL, NC/SC, NL/SR and E/W, measuring 60 m × 1,190 m (200 ft × 3,900 ft), 60 m × 1,100 m (200 ft × 3,610 ft), 60 m × 1,000 m … The islands average 1 to 2 km2 in area, and between 1 and 1.5 m above mean sea level in height. 923,322 km2 (356,497 sq mi; 269,198 sq nmi). It is also the lowest country in the world, with an average elevation of less than 2.5 meters above sea level. Maldives has such little change in elevation over the entire island chain that if the wind blows a sand dune to a height of 3 meters above sea level, that sand dune temporarily becomes the highest natural peak in the island chain (which averages a mere 1.5 meters above sea level with a highest point of only 2.4 meters). Part2. Tuvalu 3. However, the weather patterns of Maldives do not always conform to the monsoon patterns of the South Asia. depletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies, global warming and sea level rise, coral reef bleaching, Environment - international agreements: Even the highest point of the Maldives is not tall. Per sources: Country Elevation ... Maldives: 1.8 m (6 ft) The Maldives: A Garland of Islands In The Indian Ocean. highest point: Find the elevation and coordinates of any location on the Topographic Map. According to National Geographic, we can expect the oceans to rise between 2.5 and 6.5 feet (0.8 and 2 meters) by 2100. Twenty six atolls and just fewer than 1200 islands form a chain from just below the equator to 804 km (500 miles) north. Often the soil is highly alkaline, and a deficiency in nitrogen, potash, and iron severely limits agricultural potential. Islands average only one to two square kilometers in area, and lie between 1–1.5 m (3 ft 3 in–4 ft 11 in) above mean sea level. For this reason, the Maldives are very susceptible to the danger of rising sea levels. Consider that a diver will be able to choose from over one thousand islets to base an … Find the elevation of your current location, or any point on Earth. Start studying Edexcel A-level Geography - Coasts. The islands average 1 to 2 km2 in area, and between 1 and 1.5 m above mean sea level in height. Even for the modest sea level rise of the past decades, the Maldives experienced some 30 severe floods during the past 50 years, including several which affected the capital city of Malé. I first visited the Maldives some seven years ago, and no matter how much I raved about the beautiful neon coral, the schools of blue and yellow fusiliers, the flawless sand beaches and the rustling palm trees, all anybody wanted to ask me about was the question of rising sea levels and how in a decade or so, the entire nation will be underwater. 8 9. Learn some of the fun and interesting facts about Maldives below:-#SabseNiche. unnamed location on Vilingili Island in the Addu Atoll 2.4 metres (7.9 ft) [The Maldives constitute the flattest country, i.e. The damage caused was estimated at US$30 million. (Click here for a narrated slide show describing this reporter’s first visit to the Maldives, in 1980.) Latitude: 4°10′29″ N Longitude: 73°30′31″ E Elevation above sea level: 8 m = 26 ft City coordinates. 24 nmi (44.4 km; 27.6 mi) 298 km² water: This is a list of countries and territories by their average elevation above sea level. The average height above sea level is just 4 feet, and the highest point is 7 feet a.s.l. It has the 31st largest exclusive economic zone of 923,322 km2 (356,497 sq mi). Maldives. WGS … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. measured from claimed archipelagic baselines It is the first of two identical satellites to be launched to provide accurate measurements of sea-level change. other: The world’s biggest fish, the Whale Shark has made Maldives its refuge. Since then many luxury stays are constructed here to welcome the guests. The land area of this island country is about 300 km2, and none of Maldives' 1190 islands … The exposed top of a submerged mountain ridge, the Maldives is the lowest country on earth, with an average height above sea level of just one to three meters (three to six feet). The most notable example of this type of atoll is the large island of Fuvahmulah situated in the Equatorial Channel. Brunei 4. Arguably the lowest-lying country in the world, the average elevation is 1 meter (3.3 feet) above sea level. Location. During storms in 1987 and 1988, the reclaimed areas were flooded by low-period waves. Maldives, a vast chain of islands in the Indian Ocean, is the flattest (lowest) country on Earth. The Maldive archipelago is frequently covered by clouds, making this almost cloud-free image quite rare. 80% of the nation is barely above sea level, which is around 1 meter above the sea, and the highest point in the Maldives lies in Villingili Village, at Addu Atoll, which rises to an outstanding 2.4 meters. The average height of the islands does not exceed 1.7 m above mean sea level. [ 4] A The Maldives has no hills, but some islands have dunes which can reach 2.4 meters (7.9 feet) above sea level, like the NW coast of Hithadhoo (Seenu Atoll) in Addu Atoll. On average, each atoll has approximately 5 to 10 inhabited islands; the uninhabited islands of each atoll number approximately 20 to 60.