cyclone aila wind speed

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cyclone aila wind speed

Casualty: 650 people, 17,000 cattle. The maximum wind speed was 224-km per hour. Cyclone Aila came close but was 30% weaker than Amphan when it was over Kolkata. There is a need to address the wider challenge of development pattern and infrastructure provision to deal with the issue of sustainable mobility. As the milkman said, it was a blessing, as every second person was in wet clothing and "at least we had body warmth from being huddled together"! Kolkata city witnessed an unprecedented tree fall of more than 500, killing people, snapping cables and tripping power lines, damaging property and blocking major roads. The coastal districts of Satkhira, Khulna, Bagerhat, Jhalakathi, Pirojpur, Barguna, Patuakhali, Bhola, Barisal, Laxmipur, Chandpur, Noakhali, Feni, Chattogram and their offshore islands and chars will suffer the worst of the storm, while the low-lying areas of those districts could be inundated. Cyclone Mahasen 2013 Cyclone Mahasen occurred near the Chittagong District with a wind speed of 85 km per hour. storm is termed a cyclone (Indian Ocean and Bay of Bengal), typhoon (Western P acific) or. The cyclone hit with a wind speed of about 160 km per hour associated with storm surge of 3.7-7.6 metre. The maximum wind speed was 225 km/hour, and the storm surge reached 3.05 metres. The cy-clone AILA furiously hit the Satkhira and Khulna and the worst affected upazilas of … The day began on this dismal note, along with winds and rain. Aila (2009) had struck the Sunderbans at 110kmph and its maximum speed was 103kmph when it was blowing through the city. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite captured this true-color image of Aila on May 25, 2009, the same day that the storm temporarily strengthened to a Category 1 cyclone. So, the wave heights were significantly lower than they had been during the 2009 Cyclone Aila. Cyclone Aila hit Bengal with a wind-speed of 120 kmph in 2009, Fani (only the second cyclone in 128 years to have made landfall in India in the pre-monsoon season) made land- fall on the Odisha coast at 170 kmph in 2019, and now Amphan came with a wind-speed of 185 kmph. The cyclone had been christened Aila. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. Clean drinking water was an acute problem: tidal surges continued to wash salty water inland over damaged levees, and salt water cannot be decontaminated with regular water purification tablets, according to reports from BBC news. Whether it is the scurried haphazard non-linear movement of ants, or the frenzied cacophony of birds, the stillness and reclusive inclination of cats, or the frenetic behaviour of other animals in tandem with the raging sound of winds and spells of sudden stillness that warn of the impending 'eye'; nature has indeed fine-tuned her biome to warn man of her own natural disasters. From inaccurate "news alerts" to the city that stood up to the challenge, read on for much more! Aila almost completely fills this scene, stretching from the Bay of Bengal deep into India, Bangladesh, and Burma (Myanmar). Cyclone Aila lashed into 15 offshore districts of south-western part of Bangladesh with a wind speed of about 120 kmph. It is categorized as an “Extremely Severe Cyclone.”. A tropical cyclone (TC) is a rotational low-pressure system in tropics when the central pressure falls by 5 to 6 hPa from the surrounding and maximum sustained wind speed reaches 34 knots (about 62 kmph). Weather officials warned that wind speed in Kolkata could hit a maximum of 130kmph when Amphan would make landfall, prompting Bengal CM … If the direction of the storm towards Bangladesh persists with more than 100kmph, the Met office will declare a great danger signal. Life in Kolkata includes such rapidly building up cyclones, flash floods and water-logging, sans warnings or civic measures. On Wednesday, the Sunderbans suffered a double blow. This was a major setback, for the labour classes in Kolkata who commute from these villages. To be classified as a hurricane, a tropical cyclone must have one-minute-average maximum sustained winds at 10 m above the surface of at least 74 mph (Category 1). It was nothing new. In May this year, Fani had made landfall near Puri. On 15 November 2007, Cyclone Sidr with wind speeds of up to 260 km/hour made landfall in southern Bangladesh, causing over 3,500 deaths and severe damage. The wind speed is 60-80 km, which implies it is a marginal storm. Severe Cyclonic Storm Aila (JTWC designation: 02B) was the second named tropical cyclone of the 2009 North Indian Ocean cyclone season. The only comparison that the people of coastal Bengal and the authorities could make was with Cyclone Aila which struck in 2009, but with a speed of … About 150 lives were and 200,000 houses were damaged or destroyed in the aftermath. The last big storm to hit Kolkata was Aila in 2009, with a wind speed of about 70 kmph. Have gone through the last 150 years of Cyclone data and without a doubt the sustained wind speeds (3 mins avg) of 130 km/hr recorded at Dum Dum is the highest Kolkata has witnessed in over 100 years. In 2009, cyclone Aila had hit the city at 103km an hour, and its impact was limited to an afternoon. Cyclone Aila (2009) Aila, a category 1 cyclone, with a wind speed of 120 km/h hit south western coastal districts of Bangladesh on 25 May 2009, killing 190 people, affecting more than 3.9 million people (Khatun et al., 2017) across the 11 coastal districts, disrupting their livelihoods, and destroying infrastructure. 2. On May 25, Aila’s wind speeds ranged from 74 kilometers per hour (46 miles per hour or 40 knots) to 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour or 65 knots). Cyclone Amphan will carry winds with speed greater than Vande Bharat Express, say experts The IMD has warned that extremely severe cyclone Amphan is … We cancelled our plans for taking our guests on a boat ride along Ganga river. We went for a stroll instead, in the evening drizzle, in the Millenium Park, alongside river Ganga. Surrounded aplenty by cats and birds in my building, I have taken to observing and learning from nature and animals. Warned by both the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RMSC) and Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Aila formed over a disturbance over the Bay of Bengal on May 23, 2009 and started to intensify and organize reaching sustained wind speeds of 110 kmh (70 mph). About 150 persons were killed and 200,000 houses were damaged in the storm. In the past few decades that I have been at Kolkata, I have weathered many such storms and impending cyclones. The December 1965 Cyclone: A cyclone hit the country on December 15, 1965 with a wind speed of about 217 km per hour and 2.3-3.6 metre storm surges. On May 25, Aila's wind speeds ranged from 74 kilometers per hour (46 miles per hour or 40 knots) to 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour or 65 knots). Aila which formed in the Bay of Bengal reached the city with a wind speed of 100 kph. West Bengal Sundarbans Affairs Minister Manturam Pakhira noted that storms are becoming stronger and stronger: " [2009's Cyclone] Aila's … The maximum wind speed was up to 210 km/h. Paddy fields have turned barren due to the saltwater ingress. A r… Combined with high tides, the cyclone surge caused widespread flooding and damaged in the southern districts. The New York Times reported that floods and mudslides killed at least 191 people and left hundreds of thousands more homeless. The landfall of the earlier cyclone during high tide had meant the destruction of many more embankments in 2009, though the maximum wind speed at that time had been lower than with Cyclone … At about 6 p.m., the Alipore Weather Office recorded a wind speed of about 112 kmph and at 7.20 p.m., the wind speed in Dumdum in Kolkata peaked … Major arterial roads linking the North to Southern Kolkata, like the VIP Road and Eastern By-Pass remained blocked by fallen trees for a greater part of the day. I came across the release on the net. It is categorized as an “Extremely Severe Cyclone.” According to the latest bulletin released at around 3pm on Tuesday by the Bangladesh meteorological department (BMD), the maximum sustained wind speed within 85km of the cyclone centre is about 200kph, rising to 220kph … People commuting from places as far as Kharagpur were also stranded. In Amphan the eyewall passed right over the City. Even today, the residents of the city are not clear about whether the cyclone indeed "hit"Kolkata, or merely brushed past, such was the intensity of winds and stormy trail it left in its wake. The Amphan had earlier turned into a super cyclone located 845km southwest of Chittagong port, 795km southwest of Cox’s bazar port, 730km south-southwest of Mongla port, and 725km south-southwest of Payra port. Walls collapsed, the biggest of signboards were torn away, with windows and roadside trees being some of the worst casualties. Local train services linking the city to the 24 Paragana districts and outlying villages were cancelled, as tracks were laid up with trees all through. Synoptic features of AILA The track of severe cyclonic storm AILA in the Bay … According to the Associated Press, some 2.3 million people were affected by Aila, many of them stranded in flooded villages. As larger eddies have longer life and transport more energy from ABL to higher levels, their presence may help AILA sustain a little longer time after landfall. We could see the light drizzle being blown away across the surface of the river by the winds, a sight to behold! Images from The Nasa Earth Observatory. Although the cyclone did not 'hit' Calcutta in the full sense of the term, the peripheral or outer spiralling winds of Aila began lashing the city since morning. According to officials at the Regional Meteorological Centre, in Kolkata, the 'Amphan' cyclone is going to surpass earlier cyclones such as Aila, Fani and Bulbul in terms of wind speed. 2A Media Limited. It is only the tree stumps and blank frames of signboards that speak of the Aila having stormed in and left. The second spell continued till 5.30 p.m. after which the storm headed northwards." These signals are announced based on the mode of the cyclone measuring intensity and velocity of the wind. 16–19 May 1997: May 1997 Bangladesh cyclone hit the coastal islands and chars near Chittagong, Cox's Bazar, Noakhali and Bhola districts. What is a tropical cyclone? Kolkata has learned to move on. [The Times of India, Kolkata, 26th May, Pg 2] What I found amazing was that even till about 7 p.m., all prime local TV channels kept relaying about possibilities of cyclone Aila hitting Kolkata, whereas actually by then it had already diverted, as we came to know later! The highest classification in the scale, Category 5, consists of storms with sustained winds of at least 157 mph.See the table to the right for all five categories with wind speeds in various units. It claimed the lives of 873 people. “Aila’s wind speed was 110, Bulbul was 130 but Amphan was 220 kmph,” he claimed. This was however a cyclone with a difference, in that, the warning came almost 36 hours in advance. Tropical Storm Aila struck southern Bangladesh and eastern India on May 27, 2009. Under its impact, the maximum wind speed in Calcutta was to be 100kmph. Amphan is likely to make landfall in Bangladesh tomorrow with maximum sustained wind speed of 155-165kmph, with gusts of up to 185kmh. The Sunday newspapers ushered in a cyclone warning. As of May 27, the death toll was expected to rise. Cyclone Aila hit offshore 15 districts of southwestern part of Bangladesh with wind speed of 120 km per hour. All fishing boats have been asked to take immediate shelter until further notice. under a CC BY-NC-SA 2.5 IN license. Police approached shops and offices in the trading hub of the city, BurraBazaar, after 3 p.m. asking to close up. By afternoon, panic was widespread, as news of roadside deaths and uprooted trees, possibilities of the city being in the eye of the storm, with 6-8 feet high waves in the river with Ganga tributaries crossing danger mark, spread through offices, households and amongst commuters. Returning home, I checked for cyclone warnings. However, both the cyclones mostly hit West Bengal and Orissa. According to the latest bulletin released at around 3pm on Tuesday by the Bangladesh meteorological department (BMD), the maximum sustained wind speed within 85km of the cyclone centre is about 200kph, rising to 220kph in gusts and squalls. Cyclone Komen has made landfall in coastal Bangladesh between Bhola and Sandwip. The met office has already asked the Chittagong and Cox's Bazar port authorities to hoist signal number six, while Mongla and Payra port authorities were asked to hoist signal number seven, which means those ports will experience a severe storm. Later, I learned from my maid that she had spend that night in her drenched clothes, packed with others in the trains grounded at the Sealdah station. So much, for the accuracy of the "Breaking News" constantly flashing across the TV screens. The Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD or Met) uses 11 warning signals during cyclones in order to alert people, and for the government to prepare and take measures for an incoming storm to minimize damage. "At one point, the cyclone came as close as 15 km from the city. What was evident, was the excellent PR exercises maintained throughout by the State authorities and officials, who spoke on TV channels about the disaster management measures undertaken, but not about why they failed to take evacuationary and warning measures before the cyclone. This compounded the situation at Howrah station, as a large chunk of the working section commutes from areas lying to the West of the river. Peak frequency shift to lower frequencies for all three wind components when AILA is in the vicinity suggests the influence of tropical cyclone associated with larger eddies. Around 190 peoples died 7103 injuries and affected about 3.9 million people. when a land falling tropical cyclone ‘AILA’ passes near the observational site, Ranchi. It came at 9 p.m. Aila had made landfall in Bengal and tall waves had wrecked havoc along the coast. The following post details a first hand experience of weathering Cyclone Aila at Kolkata, lending it a unique personal perspective. Aila attacked the southwestern coastal areas of Bangladesh on 25 May 2009 and affected 15 districts, 76 Upazila and 491 Unions. Measuring the wind speed, weathermen fear that it could be as devastating as Sidr and Aila, if it does not weaken before hitting the coast. Unofficial reports, however, put the toll at 26 and the number of affected at over 2 lakh. Gale winds at a speed of 80-90 km per hour were accompanied with heavy rains. The images portray the the loss of hope, submerged dwellings to the struggle to carry on as relief trickles in. Similarly, this time, the government has already kept the most vulnerable people in the shelters. Wind speed, movement, likely damage: All you need to know about Cyclone Amphan Nearly 4.2 million people have been moved to safety in the coastal regions of India and Bangladesh. Today, a week later, the rapid clean-up operations in the metro are to be commended. At 12.30 p.m. the Northern tip of Aila touched Kolkata. It was the outlying districts of 24 Paraganas [North & South], Howrah and East Midnapur that bore the maximum brunt of Cyclone Aila, as always. Arghyam initiative. The lack of preparedness was evident, as usual, despite the newly formed Disaster Management Department. 2.2.2. It said that Cyclone Amphan is feared to be very powerful, equal in intensity with the cyclones of 1991, 1999, and 1970 in Bangladesh. The following images are from Anil Gulati, offering us a first hand look at the cyclone hit areas in a set of sparse yet telling images. More information and detailed images can be accessed here:Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh, Weathering the Cyclone Aila at Kolkatta : A personal account by Sangeeta Deogawanka. At 10.30pm, the official wind speed in Calcutta was 88.9kmph. 24th May. These outer winds had speeds greater than 120kmph". May 19, 1997 It was the worst natural disaster to affect Bangladesh since Cyclone Sidrin November 2007. Offices began releasing employees after 3 p.m. and shops began downing shutters. All long distance trains from Howrah were suspended, as the route lay through the path of storm. wind speed equals or exceeds 33.5 metres/second (121 kilometres/hour or 75 mph), the. Obviously the boats would not operate. In its special bulletin, the Met office said the cyclone may intensify further and might cross the Bangladesh coast between Khulna and Chittagong early today, which could, however, be delayed till this evening. About 150 persons were killed and 200,000 houses were damaged in the storm. Some islands in the Bay of Bengal and the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans region were inundated and still cut off from relief and rescue workers as of May 29, 2009. 25th May. The Calcutta Municipal Corporation said the Mominpore area had received almost 256mm of rain in the 24 hours till 11pm. More information and detailed images can be accessed here: Cyclone Aila Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh Authorities have begun to assess the scale of damage on the ecosystem, infrastructure, and livelihoods. When hit cyclone Aila the speed of wind was 95 km per hour. Cyclonic storm Aila with a wind speed of 100 kmph was only 50 km away from Kolkata and was likely to hit the city any time soon, the met office said. Indeed, it is amazing, how animal behaviour patterns during the 24 hours leading up to a cyclone are in sync with cyclone advances. A strong El Niño event was very active during that time. Drought vulnerability in agriculture has been recognised as a key development issue in the state. A severe storm with a windspeed of 110 kmph, accompanied by heavy rainfall, preceded the cyclone ripping through Kolkata, North and South 24 Parganas, Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan and East Midnapore districts at 110 kmph. Illegal sand mining led to 193 deaths in two years, says report, NGT orders states to designate nodal agencies for restoring water bodies, Madhya Pradesh’s recurring droughts: Measuring, responding and reducing the vulnerabilities, Sustainable mobility amid COVID-19 pandemic. More information and detailed images can be accessed here:Cyclone Aila, Floods from Cyclone Aila in India and Bangladesh, Cyclone Ailia was not a strong storm, but its heavy rains and storm surges were enough to swamp the Mouths of the Ganges River in Bangladesh and India. All content on this website is published On May 25, Aila's wind speeds ranged from 74 kilometers per hour (46 miles per hour or 40 knots) to 120 kilometers per hour (75 miles per hour or 65 knots). "The second spell of the storm started around 4.30 p.m. when the southern tip reached Kolkata. However, the Disaster Management and Relief Ministry said signal no 10 would be hoisted at these ports from 6am today. Summers translate to cyclones in these parts, as Bay of Bengal gets subject to extreme heating, giving rise to humid, intense air masses producing cyclones. Traffic came to a standstill. the capital and all afected southern districts. The waters of the river were unusually choppy, slurping over the balustrades. The authorities were able to evacuate more than 2 million people to shelters before cyclones Fani and Bulbul made landfall. The 1 pm bulletin of the India Metrological Department (IMD) showed that Amphan had turned into a marginally less virulent, but still extremely severe cyclonic storm. These signals are announced based on the mode of the cyclone measuring intensity and velocity of the wind. Media reports say the cyclone moving at a speed of 80 kmph, is headed towards Kolkata and its southern districts, predicted to hit the city in the afternoon. It is likely to make landfall as a strong storm equivalent to a category 3 hurricane, according to the Indian Meteorological Department. For more on Cyclone Aila: Cyclone Aila - IWP Blog. Each of them, left a trail of devastation in the coastal areas and adjoining districts, but most by-passed the metropolis, just like the 'Bijli' a month ago. scale and behavior of surface layer wind spectra for neutral condition under disturbed weather, i.e. So of necessity, I have long since devised my own traditional method of "knowing". It will decrease further to become a … The wind speed had by then gain reached 120 kmph. “Compared with previous cyclones like Sidr and Aila, it seems more severe in terms of wind speed in the center of the cyclone,” said Monowar Hossain, meteorologist of BMD. Cyclone Aila (May 25, 2009): Cyclone Aila hit offshore 15 districts of southwestern part of Bangladesh with wind speed of 120 km per hour. Nov 15, 2007 ‘Sidr’ Cyclone Sidr hit the country’s coastal belt with a wind speed of 223 km per hour that claimed the lives of 3,363 people. 1. Recorded wind f speed and direction in different observatories of the BMD dur-ing the passage of cyclone AILA is shown in Table 3. Casualty: 126 people. Apparel exporters dealt a fresh blow: rising raw material prices, bKash offers 1% additional cash incentive on remittance, Pandemic contracts shareholders’ dividend payment stream, 3 Bangladeshi companies make it to Forbes Asia 2020 list, Biden officially secures enough electors to become president, '8th 5-yr plan key to recovery from Covid-19 fallout', RBI leaves interest rates unchanged as it struggles to tame inflation, LGRD Ministry working on national volunteer framework, Please read our Comment Policy before posting. However, Bangladesh has already gained the capacity of tackling such disasters. (The Telegraph, Calcutta, 26th May). That is why last year Cyclone Fani hit with 180kmh wind speed, nearly as severe as Cyclone Sidr in 2007, but casualties being 17. All Rights Reserved. The seas will remain very high near the eye of the cyclone, the bulletin said. It was an awesome experience, being one with the nature literally. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. Aila paralyses life in coastal Orissa West Bengal Sundarbans Affairs Minister Manturam Pakhira noted that storms are becoming stronger and stronger: “[2009’s Cyclone] Aila’s wind speed was 110 km/h, [2019’s Cyclone] Bulbul was 130 km/h, but Amphan was 220 km/h.” The rise in frequency and intensity of cyclones can be linked in part to climatic changes in the Bay of Bengal. India Water Portal is an Amphan is a Thai word meaning ambition or strength. Cancelled flights and trains led to grounded passengers in stations and air terminals - a situation that so far had only been associated with bandhs. Yet, neither alerts nor warning signals were send out to the general public, till the actual ferocity of the storm was already in force and people caught up in the midst. The media coverage has varied, from Kolkata being in the eye of the storm to having got a go-by. It is a vast violent whirl of 150 to 800

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